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Open AccessArticle

Immunization Status against Measles of Health-Care Workers Operating at Three Sicilian University Hospitals: An Observational Study

1
Department of Health Promotion Sciences, Maternal and Infant Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties (PROMISE), University of Palermo, 90127 Palermo, Italy
2
Occupational Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
3
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Dental Sciences and Morpho-functional images, University of Messina, 98125 Messina, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vaccines 2019, 7(4), 175; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines7040175
Received: 5 October 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 1 November 2019 / Published: 3 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Infectious Diseases and Vaccinations in Healthcare Professionals)
Measles is a highly contagious vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) that also commonly affects health-care workers (HCWs). Measles immunization of HCWs was strongly recommended by international health authorities, in order to limit the spreading of the illness to susceptible patients and colleagues. An observational study, evaluating the immunization and vaccination status against measles of HCWs working at three Sicilian university hospitals, was conducted. All subjects not completely immune (vaccinated with only one dose in their lifetime), not immune (not vaccinated or not naturally immunized), and with an unknown immunization status were considered not immunized. Among HCWs operating in the three Sicilian university hospitals, 54.6% were not immune against measles. The average age of not immune HCWs was 51.3 (SD ± 9.8), ranging between 25 and 71 years old. In particular, 46.9% of HCWs not immunized worked in “at-risk” hospital units, based on medical conditions of patients which increases the probability of contracting an infection. Vaccination coverage rates observed against measles are considerably lower than other European countries and inadequate. It is therefore crucial to tackle vaccine hesitancy among HCWs, promoting strategies targeted to evaluate immunization status against VPDs and to significantly increase vaccine coverages, such as tailored training and vaccination offer or compulsory vaccination programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: health-care personnel; vaccine-preventable disease; vaccine hesitancy health-care personnel; vaccine-preventable disease; vaccine hesitancy
MDPI and ACS Style

Costantino, C.; Ledda, C.; Genovese, C.; Contrino, E.; Vitale, E.; Maida, C.M.; Squeri, R.; Vitale, F.; Rapisarda, V. Immunization Status against Measles of Health-Care Workers Operating at Three Sicilian University Hospitals: An Observational Study. Vaccines 2019, 7, 175.

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