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Open AccessReview

Vaccination against Paediatric Respiratory Pathogens

Pediatric Clinic, Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, Università degli Studi di Perugia, 06123 Perugia, Italy
Microbiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Università degli Studi di Perugia, 06123 Perugia, Italy
Pietro Barilla Children’s Hospital, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, 43126 Parma, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vaccines 2019, 7(4), 168;
Received: 7 August 2019 / Revised: 10 October 2019 / Accepted: 10 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are extremely common in children, especially those under 5 years old. They can lead to complications, super-infection, respiratory failure, and even compromised respiratory function in adulthood. For some of the responsible pathogens, vaccines are available. This review reports current issues about vaccines against the main respiratory pathogens to highlight the available strategies to reduce the burden of paediatric respiratory disease. The optimal use of influenza, pneumococcal, pertussis and measles vaccines is required in order to reduce ARI burden. Vaccination coverage rates must be improved to achieve the full benefits of these vaccines. Recently, advances in the knowledge of respiratory syncytial virus structural biology and immunology as well as the development of new techniques to generate vaccine candidates have increased the number of promising vaccines even against this harmful pathogen. View Full-Text
Keywords: respiratory pathogen; vaccine; children; complication; outbreak; infection respiratory pathogen; vaccine; children; complication; outbreak; infection
MDPI and ACS Style

Bianchini, S.; Argentiero, A.; Camilloni, B.; Silvestri, E.; Alunno, A.; Esposito, S. Vaccination against Paediatric Respiratory Pathogens. Vaccines 2019, 7, 168.

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