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Review

Acute Diarrhea in Dogs: Current Management and Potential Role of Dietary Polyphenols Supplementation

1
Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Largo Braccini 2, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy
2
School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, Via Circonvallazione 93/95, 62024 Matelica, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the work.
Antioxidants 2020, 9(8), 725; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9080725
Received: 10 June 2020 / Revised: 28 July 2020 / Accepted: 5 August 2020 / Published: 9 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antioxidants in Veterinary Medicine)
Acute diarrhea is one of the most common reasons why pet owners seek veterinary care for their canine companions. In many cases, signs resolve spontaneously or with symptomatic therapy without a specific cause being discovered. However, life-threatening cases can occur. The etiology is complex, including infectious diseases (endoparasites, virus, bacteria, protozoa, fungal agents) by both zoonotic and non-zoonotic pathogens, dietary indiscretion, endocrine diseases, and stress (e.g., travel or environmental changes). In the last years, the role played by oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic enteropathies, independently from the initial noxa, has been highlighted by many researches in both humans and animals. As a result, a series of dietary antioxidant compounds have been studied for their potential use in the treatment of intestinal inflammation. This review summarizes the traditional therapeutic and nutritional options to manage canine acute diarrhea, highlighting the need to explore the role of oxidative stress and potential antioxidant supplementation, especially polyphenols, during acute diarrheic episodes. View Full-Text
Keywords: acute diarrhea; dog; therapeutic management; dietary interventions; polyphenols supplementation; antibacterial resistance acute diarrhea; dog; therapeutic management; dietary interventions; polyphenols supplementation; antibacterial resistance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Candellone, A.; Cerquetella, M.; Girolami, F.; Badino, P.; Odore, R. Acute Diarrhea in Dogs: Current Management and Potential Role of Dietary Polyphenols Supplementation. Antioxidants 2020, 9, 725. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9080725

AMA Style

Candellone A, Cerquetella M, Girolami F, Badino P, Odore R. Acute Diarrhea in Dogs: Current Management and Potential Role of Dietary Polyphenols Supplementation. Antioxidants. 2020; 9(8):725. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9080725

Chicago/Turabian Style

Candellone, Alessia, Matteo Cerquetella, Flavia Girolami, Paola Badino, and Rosangela Odore. 2020. "Acute Diarrhea in Dogs: Current Management and Potential Role of Dietary Polyphenols Supplementation" Antioxidants 9, no. 8: 725. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9080725

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