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Open AccessArticle

Seed Oil from Mediterranean Aromatic and Medicinal Plants of the Lamiaceae Family as a Source of Bioactive Components with Nutritional

1
Research Group on Rainfed Crops for the Rural Development, Murcia Institute of Agri-Food Research and Development (IMIDA), c/Mayor s/n, 30150 La Alberca Murcia, Spain
2
Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Molecular Recognition and Encapsulation (REM) Group, Universidad Católica de Murcia (UCAM), Avenida de los Jerónimos 135, Guadalupe, 30107 Murcia, Spain
3
Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Industrial Processing Technology and Cooking Food Group, Universidad Católica de Murcia (UCAM), Avenida de los Jerónimos 135, Guadalupe, 30107 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antioxidants 2020, 9(6), 510; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9060510
Received: 26 May 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 8 June 2020 / Published: 10 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Antioxidants in the “One Health” Paradigm)
The potential use as food ingredients of 12 commercial seed species belonging to the Lamiaceae family constitutes the main goal of this research. For that, the oil yield, the lipid profile, tocopherol content, phenolic profile and antioxidant capacities were determined. Seeds from Satureja hortensis, S. montana, Lavandula angustifolia, L. latifolia and Origanum vulgare can be considered as important sources of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (50.5; 52.4; 52.1; 48.5 and 45.5 g/100 g, respectively), likewise for seed oils from Salvia lavandulifolia and Rosmarinus officinalis regarding ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (52.2 and 50.0 g/100 g, respectively). The total tocopherol concentration varied between 42.8 and 113.8 mg/100 g of oil. The highest antioxidant capacities corresponded to Thymbra capitata and Origanum vulgare seed oils, in which carvacrol was the major phenolic monoterpene quantified. The presence of cinnamoyl-apigenin derivatives and hydroxycoumarin-apigenin-derivatives in spike lavender is described for the first time. Most of these seeds can be considered as an important source of oil rich in bioactive components of interest for human nutrition. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lamiaceae seed oil; fatty acid composition; tocopherol content; phenolic compounds; antioxidant capacity Lamiaceae seed oil; fatty acid composition; tocopherol content; phenolic compounds; antioxidant capacity
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Quílez, M.; Ferreres, F.; López-Miranda, S.; Salazar, E.; Jordán, M.J. Seed Oil from Mediterranean Aromatic and Medicinal Plants of the Lamiaceae Family as a Source of Bioactive Components with Nutritional. Antioxidants 2020, 9, 510.

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