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Testing for Nonselective Bilingual Lexical Access Using L1 Attrited Bilinguals

1
Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
2
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(6), 126; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9060126
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 12 May 2019 / Accepted: 27 May 2019 / Published: 1 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cognitive Neuroscience of Cross-Language Interaction in Bilinguals)
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Abstract

Research in the past few decades generally supported a nonselective view of bilingual lexical access, where a bilingual’s two languages are both active during monolingual processing. However, recent work by Costa et al. (2017) brought this into question by reinterpreting evidence for nonselectivity in a selective manner. We manipulated the factor of first language (L1) attrition in an event-related potential (ERP) experiment to disentangle Costa and colleagues’ selective processing proposal versus the traditional nonselective processing view of bilingual lexical access. Spanish–English bilinguals demonstrated an N400 effect of L1 attrition during implicit L1 processing in a second language (L2) semantic judgment task, indicating the contribution of variable L1 lexical access during L2 processing. These results are incompatible with Costa and colleagues’ selective model, adding to the literature supporting a nonselective view of bilingual lexical access. View Full-Text
Keywords: bilingual lexical access; language-selective access; language-nonselective access; L1 attrition; ERP; N400 bilingual lexical access; language-selective access; language-nonselective access; L1 attrition; ERP; N400
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Pu, H.; Medina, Y.E.; J. Holcomb, P.; J. Midgley, K. Testing for Nonselective Bilingual Lexical Access Using L1 Attrited Bilinguals. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 126.

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