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Dyslexia: Still Not a Neurodevelopmental Disorder
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Reply of Brain Sci. 2019, 9(1), 9.

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Reply to “Dyslexia: Still Not a Neurodevelopmental Disorder”

Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, 15916 1001 NK Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Rudolf Berlin Center, 44401 Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Psychiatric Hospital, University of Zurich, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
Neuroscience Center Zurich, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
RID, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(3), 61;
Received: 10 March 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dyslexia, Dysgraphia and Related Developmental Disorders)
PDF [204 KB, uploaded 14 March 2019]


In a recent opinion article, we explained why we think that defining developmental dyslexia as a neurodevelopmental disorder and neuroimaging studies on dyslexia are useful. A recent response has made some claims of generalized misinterpretation and misconception in the field. Since that was a direct reply to our article, we would like to clarify our opinion on some of those claims. View Full-Text
Keywords: dyslexia; reading difficulty; neurodevelopmental disorder; neuroimaging dyslexia; reading difficulty; neurodevelopmental disorder; neuroimaging
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Fraga González, G.; Karipidis, I.I.; Tijms, J. Reply to “Dyslexia: Still Not a Neurodevelopmental Disorder”. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 61.

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