Next Article in Journal
Insomnia Symptoms among African-American Older Adults in Economically Disadvantaged Areas of South Los Angeles
Previous Article in Journal
Electrical Stimulation in the Claustrum Area Induces a Deepening of Isoflurane Anesthesia in Rat
Previous Article in Special Issue
Is It Speech or Song? Effect of Melody Priming on Pitch Perception of Modified Mandarin Speech
Open AccessArticle

Attention Modulates Electrophysiological Responses to Simultaneous Music and Language Syntax Processing

1
Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459, USA
2
Department of Music, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(11), 305; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9110305
Received: 18 September 2019 / Revised: 22 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in the Neurocognition of Music and Language)
Music and language are hypothesized to engage the same neural resources, particularly at the level of syntax processing. Recent reports suggest that attention modulates the shared processing of music and language, but the time-course of the effects of attention on music and language syntax processing are yet unclear. In this EEG study we vary top-down attention to language and music, while manipulating the syntactic structure of simultaneously presented musical chord progressions and garden-path sentences in a modified rapid serial visual presentation paradigm. The Early Right Anterior Negativity (ERAN) was observed in response to both attended and unattended musical syntax violations. In contrast, an N400 was only observed in response to attended linguistic syntax violations, and a P3/P600 only in response to attended musical syntax violations. Results suggest that early processing of musical syntax, as indexed by the ERAN, is relatively automatic; however, top-down allocation of attention changes the processing of syntax in both music and language at later stages of cognitive processing.
Keywords: music; language; syntax; attention; comprehension; electroencephalography; event-related potentials music; language; syntax; attention; comprehension; electroencephalography; event-related potentials
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, D.J.; Jung, H.; Loui, P. Attention Modulates Electrophysiological Responses to Simultaneous Music and Language Syntax Processing. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 305.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop