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Open AccessArticle

A Motivational Model of BCI-Controlled Heuristic Search

Department of Computing and Information Systems, University of Greenwich, London SE10 9LS, UK
Brain Sci. 2018, 8(9), 166; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci8090166
Received: 11 June 2018 / Revised: 12 August 2018 / Accepted: 17 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Brain-Computer Interfaces for Human Augmentation)
Several researchers have proposed a new application for human augmentation, which is to provide human supervision to autonomous artificial intelligence (AI) systems. In this paper, we introduce a framework to implement this proposal, which consists of using Brain–Computer Interfaces (BCI) to influence AI computation via some of their core algorithmic components, such as heuristic search. Our framework is based on a joint analysis of philosophical proposals characterising the behaviour of autonomous AI systems and recent research in cognitive neuroscience that support the design of appropriate BCI. Our framework is defined as a motivational approach, which, on the AI side, influences the shape of the solution produced by heuristic search using a BCI motivational signal reflecting the user’s disposition towards the anticipated result. The actual mapping is based on a measure of prefrontal asymmetry, which is translated into a non-admissible variant of the heuristic function. Finally, we discuss results from a proof-of-concept experiment using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to capture prefrontal asymmetry and control the progression of AI computation of traditional heuristic search problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: augmented cognition; brain–computer interfaces; superintelligence; heuristic search augmented cognition; brain–computer interfaces; superintelligence; heuristic search
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Cavazza, M. A Motivational Model of BCI-Controlled Heuristic Search. Brain Sci. 2018, 8, 166.

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