Disturbed Glucose Metabolism in Rat Neurons Exposed to Cerebrospinal Fluid Obtained from Multiple Sclerosis Subjects
AbstractAxonal damage is widely accepted as a major cause of permanent functional disability in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). In relapsing-remitting MS, there is a possibility of remyelination by myelin producing cells and restoration of neurological function. The purpose of this study was to delineate the pathophysiological mechanisms underpinning axonal injury through hitherto unknown factors present in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that may regulate axonal damage, remyelinate the axon and make functional recovery possible. We employed primary cultures of rat unmyelinated cerebellar granule neurons and treated them with CSF obtained from MS and Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) patients. We performed microarray gene expression profiling to study changes in gene expression in treated neurons as compared to controls. Additionally, we determined the influence of gene-gene interaction upon the whole metabolic network in our experimental conditions using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins (STRING) program. Our findings revealed the downregulated expression of genes involved in glucose metabolism in MS-derived CSF-treated neurons and upregulated expression of genes in NMO-derived CSF-treated neurons. We conclude that factors in the CSF of these patients caused a perturbation in metabolic gene(s) expression and suggest that MS appears to be linked with metabolic deformity. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Mathur, D.; María-Lafuente, E.; Ureña-Peralta, J.R.; Sorribes, L.; Hernández, A.; Casanova, B.; López-Rodas, G.; Coret-Ferrer, F.; Burgal-Marti, M. Disturbed Glucose Metabolism in Rat Neurons Exposed to Cerebrospinal Fluid Obtained from Multiple Sclerosis Subjects. Brain Sci. 2018, 8, 1.
Mathur D, María-Lafuente E, Ureña-Peralta JR, Sorribes L, Hernández A, Casanova B, López-Rodas G, Coret-Ferrer F, Burgal-Marti M. Disturbed Glucose Metabolism in Rat Neurons Exposed to Cerebrospinal Fluid Obtained from Multiple Sclerosis Subjects. Brain Sciences. 2018; 8(1):1.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mathur, Deepali; María-Lafuente, Eva; Ureña-Peralta, Juan R.; Sorribes, Lucas; Hernández, Alberto; Casanova, Bonaventura; López-Rodas, Gerardo; Coret-Ferrer, Francisco; Burgal-Marti, Maria. 2018. "Disturbed Glucose Metabolism in Rat Neurons Exposed to Cerebrospinal Fluid Obtained from Multiple Sclerosis Subjects." Brain Sci. 8, no. 1: 1.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.