Early Word Recognition and Later Language Skills
AbstractRecent behavioral and electrophysiological evidence has highlighted the long-term importance for language skills of an early ability to recognize words in continuous speech. We here present further tests of this long-term link in the form of follow-up studies conducted with two (separate) groups of infants who had earlier participated in speech segmentation tasks. Each study extends prior follow-up tests: Study 1 by using a novel follow-up measure that taps into online processing, Study 2 by assessing language performance relationships over a longer time span than previously tested. Results of Study 1 show that brain correlates of speech segmentation ability at 10 months are positively related to 16-month-olds’ target fixations in a looking-while-listening task. Results of Study 2 show that infant speech segmentation ability no longer directly predicts language profiles at the age of five. However, a meta-analysis across our results and those of similar studies (Study 3) reveals that age at follow-up does not moderate effect size. Together, the results suggest that infants’ ability to recognize words in speech certainly benefits early vocabulary development; further observed relationships of later language skills to early word recognition may be consequent upon this vocabulary size effect. View Full-Text
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Junge, C.; Cutler, A. Early Word Recognition and Later Language Skills. Brain Sci. 2014, 4, 532-559.
Junge C, Cutler A. Early Word Recognition and Later Language Skills. Brain Sciences. 2014; 4(4):532-559.Chicago/Turabian Style
Junge, Caroline; Cutler, Anne. 2014. "Early Word Recognition and Later Language Skills." Brain Sci. 4, no. 4: 532-559.