A Mechanistic Approach to Cross-Domain Perceptual Narrowing in the First Year of Life
AbstractLanguage and face processing develop in similar ways during the first year of life. Early in the first year of life, infants demonstrate broad abilities for discriminating among faces and speech. These discrimination abilities then become tuned to frequently experienced groups of people or languages. This process of perceptual development occurs between approximately 6 and 12 months of age and is largely shaped by experience. However, the mechanisms underlying perceptual development during this time, and whether they are shared across domains, remain largely unknown. Here, we highlight research findings across domains and propose a top-down/bottom-up processing approach as a guide for future research. It is hypothesized that perceptual narrowing and tuning in development is the result of a shift from primarily bottom-up processing to a combination of bottom-up and top-down influences. In addition, we propose word learning as an important top-down factor that shapes tuning in both the speech and face domains, leading to similar observed developmental trajectories across modalities. Importantly, we suggest that perceptual narrowing/tuning is the result of multiple interacting factors and not explained by the development of a single mechanism. View Full-Text
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Hadley, H.; Rost, G.C.; Fava, E.; Scott, L.S. A Mechanistic Approach to Cross-Domain Perceptual Narrowing in the First Year of Life. Brain Sci. 2014, 4, 613-634.
Hadley H, Rost GC, Fava E, Scott LS. A Mechanistic Approach to Cross-Domain Perceptual Narrowing in the First Year of Life. Brain Sciences. 2014; 4(4):613-634.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hadley, Hillary; Rost, Gwyneth C.; Fava, Eswen; Scott, Lisa S. 2014. "A Mechanistic Approach to Cross-Domain Perceptual Narrowing in the First Year of Life." Brain Sci. 4, no. 4: 613-634.