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Article

Dominance of Attention Focus and Its Electroencephalogram Activity in Standing Postural Control in Healthy Young Adults

1
Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kyoto Tachibana University, Kyoto 607-8175, Japan
2
Department of Rehabilitation, Kyoto Kuno Hospital, Kyoto 605-0981, Japan
3
Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kyoto Tachibana University, Kyoto 607-8175, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shapour Jaberzadeh
Brain Sci. 2022, 12(5), 538; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12050538
Received: 28 February 2022 / Revised: 10 April 2022 / Accepted: 21 April 2022 / Published: 22 April 2022
Attention focus changes performance, and external focus (EF) improves performance compared to internal focus (IF). However, recently, the dominance of attention focus, rather than the effectiveness of unilateral EF, has been examined. Although the positive effects of EF on standing postural control have been reported, the dominance of attention focus has not yet been examined. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the dominance of attention focus and its neural mechanism in standing postural control using electroencephalography (EEG). A standing postural control task under IF and EF conditions was performed on healthy young men. Gravity center sway and cortical activity simultaneously using a stabilometer and an EEG were measured. Participants were classified into IF-dominant and EF-dominant groups according to their index of postural stability. The EEG was analyzed, and cortical activity in the theta-wave band was compared between the IF-dominant and EF-dominant groups. Significant neural activity was observed in the left parietal lobe of the IF-dominant group in the IF condition, and in the left frontal lobe of the EF-dominant group in the EF condition (p < 0.05). Differences in EEG activity between IF-dominant and EF-dominant groups, in standing postural control, were detected. This contributes to the development of training methods that consider attentional focus dominance in postural control. View Full-Text
Keywords: attention focus; dominance; postural control; motor performance; EEG attention focus; dominance; postural control; motor performance; EEG
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sawai, S.; Fujikawa, S.; Murata, S.; Abiko, T.; Nakano, H. Dominance of Attention Focus and Its Electroencephalogram Activity in Standing Postural Control in Healthy Young Adults. Brain Sci. 2022, 12, 538. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12050538

AMA Style

Sawai S, Fujikawa S, Murata S, Abiko T, Nakano H. Dominance of Attention Focus and Its Electroencephalogram Activity in Standing Postural Control in Healthy Young Adults. Brain Sciences. 2022; 12(5):538. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12050538

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sawai, Shun, Shoya Fujikawa, Shin Murata, Teppei Abiko, and Hideki Nakano. 2022. "Dominance of Attention Focus and Its Electroencephalogram Activity in Standing Postural Control in Healthy Young Adults" Brain Sciences 12, no. 5: 538. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12050538

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