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Article

The Longitudinal Effect of Meditation on Resting-State Functional Connectivity Using Dynamic Arterial Spin Labeling: A Feasibility Study

1
Department of Computer Science, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
2
National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21225, USA
3
College of Biomedical Engineering & Instrument Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
4
Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Charles F. Geier
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(10), 1263; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11101263
Received: 19 July 2021 / Revised: 10 September 2021 / Accepted: 20 September 2021 / Published: 24 September 2021
We aimed to assess whether dynamic arterial spin labeling (dASL), a novel quantitative MRI technique with minimal contamination of subject motion and physiological noises, could detect the longitudinal effect of focused attention meditation (FAM) on resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC). A total of 10 novice meditators who recorded their FAM practice time were scanned at baseline and at the 2-month follow-up. Two-month meditation practice caused significantly increased rsFC between the left medial temporal (LMT) seed and precuneus area and between the right frontal eye (RFE) seed and medial prefrontal cortex. Meditation practice time was found to be positively associated with longitudinal changes of rsFC between the default mode network (DMN) and dorsal attention network (DAN), between DMN and insula, and between DAN and the frontoparietal control network (FPN) but negatively associated with changes of rsFC between DMN and FPN, and between DAN and visual regions. These findings demonstrate the capability of dASL in identifying the FAM-induced rsFC changes and suggest that the practice of FAM can strengthen the efficient control of FPN on fast switching between DMN and DAN and enhance the utilization of attentional resources with reduced focus on visual processing. View Full-Text
Keywords: meditation; functional magnetic resonance imaging; functional connectivity; arterial spin labeling; default mode network; dorsal attention network meditation; functional magnetic resonance imaging; functional connectivity; arterial spin labeling; default mode network; dorsal attention network
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Z.; Luh, W.-M.; Duan, W.; Zhou, T.D.; Zhao, L.; Weinschenk, G.; Anderson, A.K.; Dai, W. The Longitudinal Effect of Meditation on Resting-State Functional Connectivity Using Dynamic Arterial Spin Labeling: A Feasibility Study. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 1263. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11101263

AMA Style

Zhang Z, Luh W-M, Duan W, Zhou TD, Zhao L, Weinschenk G, Anderson AK, Dai W. The Longitudinal Effect of Meditation on Resting-State Functional Connectivity Using Dynamic Arterial Spin Labeling: A Feasibility Study. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(10):1263. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11101263

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Zongpai, Wen-Ming Luh, Wenna Duan, Tony D. Zhou, Li Zhao, George Weinschenk, Adam K. Anderson, and Weiying Dai. 2021. "The Longitudinal Effect of Meditation on Resting-State Functional Connectivity Using Dynamic Arterial Spin Labeling: A Feasibility Study" Brain Sciences 11, no. 10: 1263. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11101263

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