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Article

Evidence of Semantic Processing in Parafoveal Reading: A Rapid Parallel Visual Presentation (Rpvp) Study

1
Department of Human Sciences, LUMSA University, P.zza delle Vaschette 101, 00193 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Psychology, Sapienza University, Via dei Marsi, 78, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(1), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010028
Received: 17 November 2020 / Revised: 23 December 2020 / Accepted: 25 December 2020 / Published: 29 December 2020
This study explores whether semantic processing in parafoveal reading in the Italian language is modulated by the perceptual and lexical features of stimuli by analyzing the results of the rapid parallel visual presentation (RPVP) paradigm experiment, which simultaneously presented two words, with one in the fovea and one in the parafovea. The words were randomly sampled from a set of semantically related and semantically unrelated pairs. The accuracy and reaction times in reading the words were measured as a function of the stimulus length and written word frequency. Fewer errors were observed in reading parafoveal words when they were semantically related to the foveal ones, and a larger semantic facilitatory effect was observed when the foveal word was highly frequent and the parafoveal word was short. Analysis of the reaction times suggests that the semantic relation between the two words sped up the naming of the foveal word when both words were short and highly frequent. Altogether, these results add further evidence in favor of the semantic processing of words in the parafovea during reading, modulated by the orthographic and lexical features of the stimuli. The results are discussed within the context of the most prominent models of word processing and eye movement controls in reading. View Full-Text
Keywords: reading; parafovea; semantic processing; rapid parallel visual presentation paradigm; parafoveal-on-foveal effect reading; parafovea; semantic processing; rapid parallel visual presentation paradigm; parafoveal-on-foveal effect
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rusich, D.; Arduino, L.S.; Mauti, M.; Martelli, M.; Primativo, S. Evidence of Semantic Processing in Parafoveal Reading: A Rapid Parallel Visual Presentation (Rpvp) Study. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010028

AMA Style

Rusich D, Arduino LS, Mauti M, Martelli M, Primativo S. Evidence of Semantic Processing in Parafoveal Reading: A Rapid Parallel Visual Presentation (Rpvp) Study. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(1):28. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010028

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rusich, Danila, Lisa S. Arduino, Marika Mauti, Marialuisa Martelli, and Silvia Primativo. 2021. "Evidence of Semantic Processing in Parafoveal Reading: A Rapid Parallel Visual Presentation (Rpvp) Study" Brain Sciences 11, no. 1: 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010028

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