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Erratum published on 25 February 2021, see Brain Sci. 2021, 11(3), 286.
Open AccessArticle

Age-Related Changes in Attentional Refocusing during Simulated Driving

by 1,2,*,†, 1, 2,‡ and 1,2,*
1
Aston Neuroscience Institute, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
2
Aston Research Centre for Healthy Ageing, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present address: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, 6525 XD Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Present address: Centre for Ageing Research, Division of Health Research, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(8), 530; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080530
Received: 14 July 2020 / Revised: 3 August 2020 / Accepted: 5 August 2020 / Published: 7 August 2020
We recently reported that refocusing attention between temporal and spatial tasks becomes more difficult with increasing age, which could impair daily activities such as driving (Callaghan et al., 2017). Here, we investigated the extent to which difficulties in refocusing attention extend to naturalistic settings such as simulated driving. A total of 118 participants in five age groups (18–30; 40–49; 50–59; 60–69; 70–91 years) were compared during continuous simulated driving, where they repeatedly switched from braking due to traffic ahead (a spatially focal yet temporally complex task) to reading a motorway road sign (a spatially more distributed task). Sequential-Task (switching) performance was compared to Single-Task performance (road sign only) to calculate age-related switch-costs. Electroencephalography was recorded in 34 participants (17 in the 18–30 and 17 in the 60+ years groups) to explore age-related changes in the neural oscillatory signatures of refocusing attention while driving. We indeed observed age-related impairments in attentional refocusing, evidenced by increased switch-costs in response times and by deficient modulation of theta and alpha frequencies. Our findings highlight virtual reality (VR) and Neuro-VR as important methodologies for future psychological and gerontological research. View Full-Text
Keywords: ageing; simulated driving; attention; switching costs; neural oscillations; Neuro-VR ageing; simulated driving; attention; switching costs; neural oscillations; Neuro-VR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huizeling, E.; Wang, H.; Holland, C.; Kessler, K. Age-Related Changes in Attentional Refocusing during Simulated Driving. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 530. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080530

AMA Style

Huizeling E, Wang H, Holland C, Kessler K. Age-Related Changes in Attentional Refocusing during Simulated Driving. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(8):530. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080530

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huizeling, Eleanor; Wang, Hongfang; Holland, Carol; Kessler, Klaus. 2020. "Age-Related Changes in Attentional Refocusing during Simulated Driving" Brain Sci. 10, no. 8: 530. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080530

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