Next Article in Journal
No Immediate Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation at Various Intensities on Cerebral Blood Flow in People with Multiple Sclerosis
Previous Article in Journal
Balance Training with Electromyogram-Triggered Functional Electrical Stimulation in the Rehabilitation of Stroke Patients
Previous Article in Special Issue
Investigating Performance in a Strenuous Physical Task from the Perspective of Self-Control
Open AccessArticle

Effect of High Intensity Interval Training Compared to Continuous Training on Cognitive Performance in Young Healthy Adults: A Pilot Study

1
Department of Kinesiology, Acadia University, Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6, Canada
2
Sector of Education and Kinesiology, University of Moncton, Edmundston Campus, Edmundston, NB E3V 2S8, Canada
3
Laboratory MOVE (EA 6314), Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Poitiers, 17000 Poitiers, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(2), 81; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10020081
Received: 7 January 2020 / Revised: 3 February 2020 / Accepted: 3 February 2020 / Published: 4 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Studying Brain Activity in Sports Performance)
To improve cognitive function, moving the body is strongly recommended; however, evidence regarding the proper training modality is still lacking. The purpose of this study was therefore to assess the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) compared to moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE), representing the same total training load, on improving cognitive function in healthy adults. It was hypothesized that after 6 weeks (3 days/week) of stationary bike training, HIIT would improve executive functions more than MICE. Twenty-five participants exercised three times a week for 6 weeks after randomization to the HIIT or MICE training groups. Target intensity was 60% of peak power output (PPO) in the MICE group and 100% PPO in the HIIT group. After training, PPO significantly increased in both the HIIT and MICE groups (9% and 15%, p < 0.01). HIIT was mainly associated with a greater improvement in overall reaction time in the executive components of the computerized Stroop task (980.43 ± 135.27 ms vs. 860.04 ± 75.63 ms, p < 0.01) and the trail making test (42.35 ± 14.86 s vs. 30.35 ± 4.13 s, p < 0.01). T exercise protocol was clearly an important factor in improving executive functions in young adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise physiology; cognition; high intensity interval training; moderate intensity continuous exercise; exercise training exercise physiology; cognition; high intensity interval training; moderate intensity continuous exercise; exercise training
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mekari, S.; Earle, M.; Martins, R.; Drisdelle, S.; Killen, M.; Bouffard-Levasseur, V.; Dupuy, O. Effect of High Intensity Interval Training Compared to Continuous Training on Cognitive Performance in Young Healthy Adults: A Pilot Study. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 81.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop