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Open AccessArticle

Early Screening of the Autism Spectrum Disorders: Validity Properties and Cross-Cultural Generalizability of the First Year Inventory in Italy

1
Department of History, Society and Human Studies, Department of History, Society and Human Studies, University of Salento, Via di Valesio, 73100 Lecce, Italy
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Lab of Applied Psychology and Intervention, Department of History, Society and Human Studies, University of Salento, Via di Valesio, 73100 Lecce, Italy
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Institute of Communication and Health, Università della Svizzera Italiana, Via Buffi 13, 6900 Lugano, Switzerland
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Applied Research Division for Cognitive and Psychological Science, IRCCS European Institute of Oncology, Via Ripamonti 435, 20141 Milano, Italy
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Child and Adolescents Neuropsychiatry Unit, Local Health Service, Via Miglietta, 73100 Lecce, Italy
6
Federation of Italian Medical Pediatricians, Via Miglietta, 73100 Lecce, Italy
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Department of Mental Health, Local Health Service, Via Miglietta, 73100 Lecce, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(2), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10020108
Received: 13 January 2020 / Revised: 7 February 2020 / Accepted: 13 February 2020 / Published: 18 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Autism Research)
This study examined the cross-cultural generalisability of the First Year Inventory (FYI) on an Italian sample, testing its construct validity, consistency, and structural validity. Six hundred ninety-eight parents of children aged 11–13 months completed the questionnaire. Similarities between analyses of Italian and American/Israeli samples were found, as were demonstrations of the instrument’s construct validity and internal consistency with both groups. The original factorial structure was not demonstrated; thus, a new factorial structure was tested, and a short version of the FYI was demonstrated via confirmatory factor analysis. The findings supported the generalisability of the Italian version of the FYI and its validity. The FYI may aid in medical decision-making on further steps for referral of the child to an early diagnostic assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: First Year Inventory; autism spectrum disorders; early screening; risk; cross-cultural generalisability; validity First Year Inventory; autism spectrum disorders; early screening; risk; cross-cultural generalisability; validity
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Levante, A.; Petrocchi, S.; Massagli, A.; Filograna, M.R.; De Giorgi, S.; Lecciso, F. Early Screening of the Autism Spectrum Disorders: Validity Properties and Cross-Cultural Generalizability of the First Year Inventory in Italy. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 108.

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