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Article

The Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices in Healthy Children: A Qualitative Approach

Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, 90128 Palermo, Italy
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(11), 877; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10110877
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 10 November 2020 / Accepted: 18 November 2020 / Published: 20 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neurological Diseases in Children)
Studies on the structure of intelligence refer to two main theoretical models: the first one considers intelligence as a unitary construct, the second one assumes the involvement of a plurality of factors. Studies using Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices (RCPM) tasks have often highlighted the involvement of different cognitive abilities and brain structures, but in the clinical setting, RCPM measurement continues to be used as a single score. The current study aimed to analyse the RCPM performance following qualitative clustering, in order to provide an interpretation of the intelligence assessment through a factorial criterion. The RCPM have been administered to a large group of typically developing children between 6 and 11 years of age. The sample was divided into twelve age groups, and the performance of each age group was shown. Three qualitative item clusters were identified through a factorial criterion. Data showed that performance on RCPM may arise from different cognitive abilities, starting from basic attentional skills up to the more complex ones that require perceptual or analogical reasoning. The qualitative parameters could provide more effective diagnostic and treatment suggestions than a single total score in the clinical setting, and may be crucial for focusing on strength and weakness in the intellectual functionality evaluation of children. View Full-Text
Keywords: intelligence; RCPM qualitative parameters; attentional abilities; analogical reasoning; concrete and abstract reasoning intelligence; RCPM qualitative parameters; attentional abilities; analogical reasoning; concrete and abstract reasoning
MDPI and ACS Style

Smirni, D. The Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices in Healthy Children: A Qualitative Approach. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 877. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10110877

AMA Style

Smirni D. The Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices in Healthy Children: A Qualitative Approach. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(11):877. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10110877

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smirni, Daniela. 2020. "The Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices in Healthy Children: A Qualitative Approach" Brain Sciences 10, no. 11: 877. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10110877

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