A Radiological Approach to Evaluate Bone Graft Integration in Reconstructive Surgeries
Abstract(1) Background: Bone tissue engineering is a promising tool to develop new smart solutions for regeneration of complex bone districts, from orthopedic to oral and maxillo-facial fields. In this respect, a crucial characteristic for biomaterials is the ability to fully integrate within the patient body. In this work, we developed a novel radiological approach, in substitution to invasive histology, for evaluating the level of osteointegration and osteogenesis, in both qualitative and quantitative manners. (2) SmartBone®, a composite xeno-hybrid bone graft, was selected as the base material because of its remarkable effectiveness in clinical practice. Using pre- and post-surgery computed tomography (CT), we built 3D models that faithfully represented the patient’s anatomy, with special attention to the bone defects. (3) Results: This way, it was possible to assess whether the new bone formation respected the natural geometry of the healthy bone. In all cases of the study (four dental, one maxillo-facial, and one orthopedic) we evaluated the presence of new bone formation and volumetric increase. (4) Conclusion: The newly established radiological protocol allowed the tracking of SmartBone® effective integration and bone regeneration. Moreover, the patient’s anatomy was completely restored in the defect area and functionality completely rehabilitated without foreign body reaction or inflammation. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 295 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Grottoli, C.F.; Ferracini, R.; Compagno, M.; Tombolesi, A.; Rampado, O.; Pilone, L.; Bistolfi, A.; Borrè, A.; Cingolani, A.; Perale, G. A Radiological Approach to Evaluate Bone Graft Integration in Reconstructive Surgeries. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1469.
Grottoli CF, Ferracini R, Compagno M, Tombolesi A, Rampado O, Pilone L, Bistolfi A, Borrè A, Cingolani A, Perale G. A Radiological Approach to Evaluate Bone Graft Integration in Reconstructive Surgeries. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(7):1469.Chicago/Turabian Style
Grottoli, Carlo F.; Ferracini, Riccardo; Compagno, Mara; Tombolesi, Alessandro; Rampado, Osvaldo; Pilone, Lucrezia; Bistolfi, Alessandro; Borrè, Alda; Cingolani, Alberto; Perale, Giuseppe. 2019. "A Radiological Approach to Evaluate Bone Graft Integration in Reconstructive Surgeries." Appl. Sci. 9, no. 7: 1469.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.