Identification of Coal Geographical Origin Using Near Infrared Sensor Based on Broad Learning
AbstractGeographical origin, an important indicator of the chemical composition and quality grading, is one essential factor that should be taken into account in evaluating coal quality. However, traditional coal origin identification methods based on chemistry experiments are not only time consuming and labour intensive, but also costly. Near-Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy is an effective and efficient way to measure the chemical compositions of samples and has demonstrated excellent performance in various fields of quantitative and qualitative research. In this study, we employ NIR spectroscopy to identify coal origin. Considering the fact that the NIR spectra of coal samples always contain a large amount of redundant information and the number of samples is small, the broad learning algorithm is utilized here as the modelling system to classify the coal geographical origin. In addition, the particle swarm optimization algorithm is introduced to improve the structure of the Broad Learning (BL) model. We compare the improved model with the other five multivariate classification methods on a dataset with 243 coal samples collected from five countries. The experimental results indicate that the improved BL model can achieve the highest overall accuracy of 97.05%. The results obtained in this study suggest that the NIR technique combined with machine learning methods has significant potential for further development of coal geographical origin identification systems. View Full-Text
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Lei, M.; Rao, Z.; Li, M.; Yu, X.; Zou, L. Identification of Coal Geographical Origin Using Near Infrared Sensor Based on Broad Learning. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1111.
Lei M, Rao Z, Li M, Yu X, Zou L. Identification of Coal Geographical Origin Using Near Infrared Sensor Based on Broad Learning. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(6):1111.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lei, Meng; Rao, Zhongyu; Li, Ming; Yu, Xinhui; Zou, Liang. 2019. "Identification of Coal Geographical Origin Using Near Infrared Sensor Based on Broad Learning." Appl. Sci. 9, no. 6: 1111.
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