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Control of Flow around an Oscillating Plate for Lift Enhancement by Plasma Actuators

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Toyohashi 441-8580, Japan
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(4), 776; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9040776
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 16 February 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 22 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs))
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Abstract

During insect flight, a feathering motion of the wing’s controls vortex shedding for lift enhancement. In this study, in order to control the flow around a wing flapping with simplified sinusoidal motion, plasma actuators were introduced to simplify the complex feathering motion. In a wind tunnel, a smoke-wire method was enacted to visualize the flow fields around an oscillating plate with an attack angle of 4° in a uniform flow for the baseline and controlled cases. The actuator placed around the leading edge was found to suppress the flow separation on the top surface. Numerical simulations were performed to investigate the control effects on the fluctuating lift, where the control effects by the intermittently driven actuator were also predicted. The actuator installed on the top surface throughout the up-stroke motion was found to suppress vortex shedding from the trailing edge, which resulted in an 11% lift enhancement compared to the baseline case. In regard to the effects of the installation position, it was found that the actuator placed on the top surface was effective, compared to the cases for installation on the bottom surface or both surfaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: micro air vehicle; oscillating plate; plasma actuator; flow control; flow visualization; computational fluid dynamics; lift enhancement; vortices micro air vehicle; oscillating plate; plasma actuator; flow control; flow visualization; computational fluid dynamics; lift enhancement; vortices
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Sato, S.; Yokoyama, H.; Iida, A. Control of Flow around an Oscillating Plate for Lift Enhancement by Plasma Actuators. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 776.

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