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Predictive Capacity of the MADYMO Multibody Human Body Model Applied to Head Kinematics during Rugby Union Tackles

1
School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9NL, UK
2
Trinity Centre for Bioengineering, Trinity College Dublin, D02 PN40 Dublin, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(4), 726; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9040726
Received: 25 January 2019 / Revised: 15 February 2019 / Accepted: 16 February 2019 / Published: 19 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Accident Analysis and Prevention: Experimental & Numerical Approaches)
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Abstract

Multibody models have not yet been evaluated for reconstructing head kinematics during sports impacts. Accordingly, the goal of this study was to utilise whole-body motion data from twenty upper and mid/lower trunk rugby shoulder tackles recorded in a marker-based 3D motion analysis laboratory to assess the MADYMO human body passive ellipsoid model for head kinematic reconstruction. Head linear and angular velocity during the tackle for the multibody model predictions and 3D motion laboratory measures were recorded for the ball carrier. Examined were the linear and angular velocity, as well as the absolute and percentage differences. For upper trunk tackles, the median percentage error (with quartiles) for the MADYMO predictions were 10% (6% to 45%) and 23% (16% to 39%) for change in head linear and angular velocity, respectively. For mid/lower trunk tackles, the median percentage error (with quartiles) for the MADYMO predictions were 46% (33% to 63%) and 60% (53% to 123%) for change in head linear and angular velocity, respectively. In conclusion, the model is currently unsuitable for reconstruction of head kinematics during individual rugby union tackle cases. View Full-Text
Keywords: concussion; sport; computational modelling concussion; sport; computational modelling
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Tierney, G.J.; Simms, C. Predictive Capacity of the MADYMO Multibody Human Body Model Applied to Head Kinematics during Rugby Union Tackles. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 726.

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