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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Clustering Methods in Compression of Topological Models and Visual Place Recognition Using Global Appearance Descriptors

by Sergio Cebollada 1,*,†, Luis Payá 1,†, Walterio Mayol 2,† and Oscar Reinoso 1,†
1
Department of Systems Engineering and Automation, Miguel Hernández University, 03202 Elche, Spain
2
Department of Computer Science, University of Bristol, Bristol BS81TH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(3), 377; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9030377
Received: 11 December 2018 / Revised: 15 January 2019 / Accepted: 17 January 2019 / Published: 22 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mobile Robots Navigation)
This paper presents an extended study about the compression of topological models of indoor environments. The performance of two clustering methods is tested in order to know their utility both to build a model of the environment and to solve the localization task. Omnidirectional images are used to create the compact model, as well as to estimate the robot position within the environment. These images are characterized through global appearance descriptors, since they constitute a straightforward mechanism to build a compact model and estimate the robot position. To evaluate the goodness of the proposed clustering algorithms, several datasets are considered. They are composed of either panoramic or omnidirectional images captured in several environments, under real operating conditions. The results confirm that compression of visual information contributes to a more efficient localization process through saving computation time and keeping a relatively good accuracy. View Full-Text
Keywords: mapping; localization; clustering; omnidirectional images; global appearance descriptors mapping; localization; clustering; omnidirectional images; global appearance descriptors
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Cebollada, S.; Payá, L.; Mayol, W.; Reinoso, O. Evaluation of Clustering Methods in Compression of Topological Models and Visual Place Recognition Using Global Appearance Descriptors. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 377.

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