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Open AccessArticle

Numerical Study on the Critical Frequency Response of Jet Engine Rotors for Blade-Off Conditions against Bird Strike

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Islamabad, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
2
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, International Islamic University Islamabad, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(24), 5568; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9245568
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 12 December 2019 / Accepted: 13 December 2019 / Published: 17 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Rotordynamics)
Vibrations are usually induced in aero engines under their normal operating conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to predict the critical frequencies of the rotating components carefully. Blade deformation of a jet engine under its normal operating conditions due to fatigue or bird strike is a realistic possibility. This puts the deformed blade as one of the major safety concerns in commercially operating civil aviation. A bird strike introduces unbalanced forces and non-linearities into the engine rotor system. Such dynamic behavior is a primary cause of catastrophic failures. The introduction of unbalanced forces due to a deformed blade, as a result of a bird strike, can change the critical frequency behavior of engine rotor systems. Therefore, it is necessary to predict their critical frequencies and dynamic behavior carefully. The simplified approach of the one-dimensional and two-dimensional elements can be used to predict critical frequencies and critical mode shapes in many cases, but the use of three-dimensional elements is the best method to achieve the goals of a modal analysis. This research explores the effect of a bird strike on the critical frequencies of an engine rotor. The changes in critical mode shapes and critical frequencies as a result of a bird strike on an engine blade are studied in this research. Commercially available analysis software ANSYS version 18.2 is used in this study. In order to account for the material nonlinearities, a Johnson Cook material model is used for the fan blades and an isotropic–elastic–plastic–hydrodynamic material model is used for modeling the bird. The bird strike event is analyzed using Eularian and smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) techniques. A difference of 0.1% is noted in the results of both techniques. In the modal analysis simulation of the engine rotor before and after the bird strike event, the critical failure modes remain same. However, a change in the critical frequencies of the modes is observed. An increase in the critical frequencies and excitation RPMs (revolution per minute) of each mode are observed. As the mode order is increased, the higher the rise in critical frequency and excitation RPMs. Also, a change in the whirl direction of the different modes is noted. View Full-Text
Keywords: critical frequency response; bird strike; blade-off condition; FEA critical frequency response; bird strike; blade-off condition; FEA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Badshah, S.; Naeem, A.; Farhan Rafique, A.; Ul Haq, I.; Abdullah Malik, S. Numerical Study on the Critical Frequency Response of Jet Engine Rotors for Blade-Off Conditions against Bird Strike. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5568.

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