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Achievement of Accurate Robotic Arm-based Bike Frame Quality Check Using 3D Geometry Mathematical Model

Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung 41170, Taiwan
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(24), 5355; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9245355
Received: 29 October 2019 / Revised: 22 November 2019 / Accepted: 6 December 2019 / Published: 8 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Systems Engineering: Availability and Reliability)
Currently, the bike frame quality check (QC) mostly relies on human operation in industry. However, some drawbacks such as it being time-consuming, having low accuracy and involving non-computerized processes are still unavoidable. Apart from these problems,measured data are difficult to systematically analyze for tracking sources of product defects in the production process. For this reason, this paper aims to develop a 3D geometry mathematical model suitable for bicycle frames QC using robotic arm-based measurement. Unlike the traditional way to find coefficients of a space sphere, the proposed model requires only three check point coordinates to achieve the sphere axis coordinate and its radius. In the practical work, the contact sensor combined with the robotic arm is used to realize the compliance items measurement in shaft length, internal diameter, verticality, parallelism, etc. The proposed model is validated based on both mathematic verification and actual bike frame check. View Full-Text
Keywords: Quality check; bike frame; mathematical model; graphical user interface Quality check; bike frame; mathematical model; graphical user interface
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Lin, H.-C.; Yu, B.-R.; Wang, J.-Y.; Lai, J.-Z.; Wu, J.-Y. Achievement of Accurate Robotic Arm-based Bike Frame Quality Check Using 3D Geometry Mathematical Model. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5355.

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