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Open AccessArticle

Experimental and Numerical Study on the Effect of the Temperature-Control Curtain in Thermal Stratified Reservoirs

State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(24), 5354; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9245354
Received: 2 November 2019 / Revised: 30 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 December 2019 / Published: 8 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water-Energy-Environment Nexus (WEEN-2019))
The impoundment and power generation of dams cause the temperature of released water much lower than the original rivers in the thermal stratified reservoirs. In addition, the released low-temperature water would damage the downstream habitats of fish and other biological groups seriously. Available facilities, such as stop log gate intakes and multi-level intakes, are built to alleviate the problem. For overcoming the limitations of traditional facilities on construction conditions and the improved effect of water temperature, a new facility of the temperature control curtain (TCC), with the advantages of convenient regulation and no hydropower loss, has been proposed recently. However, to the author’s knowledge, the theory of TCC is not abundant, with incomplete experimental tests and few numerical simulations. In this paper, a rectangular tank is designed specifically to conduct experimental tests to verify the effects of TCC and explore its potential impacts on released water temperature (RWT) under four major influencing factors. The study results show that TCC has significant effects on improving RWT, with a maximum increase of 8.3 °C. In addition, a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model with the same size of experimental model is established for further research. The results show that RWT is mainly related to the temperature distribution of a reservoir and the water-retaining proportion of the curtain. Finally, a basic principle for TCC construction is proposed and all these laid an important theory foundation for its application in engineering practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: temperature control curtain (TCC); released water temperature (RWT); experimental test; 3-D numerical simulation temperature control curtain (TCC); released water temperature (RWT); experimental test; 3-D numerical simulation
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Lian, J.; Li, P.; Yao, Y.; He, W.; Shao, N. Experimental and Numerical Study on the Effect of the Temperature-Control Curtain in Thermal Stratified Reservoirs. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5354.

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