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Uncertainty Analysis of Two Methods in Hydrocarbon Prediction under Different Water Saturation and Noise Conditions

Centre of Excellence in Subsurface Seismic Imaging & Hydrocarbon Prediction, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Seri Iskandar 32610, Malaysia
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(23), 5239; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235239
Received: 14 August 2019 / Revised: 23 September 2019 / Accepted: 25 September 2019 / Published: 2 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Earth Sciences and Geography)
The uncertainty of two recently proposed methods, “new fluid factor” and “delta K”, is analyzed under different water saturation and noise conditions through Monte Carlo modelling. The new fluid factor performs reliably (all metric parameters are above 0.9) when the water saturation is up to 95%. The delta K has better performance (all metric parameters are close to 1) such that it is able to distinguish hydrocarbon from brine without the interference of high water saturation. The results prove the performances of the two methods are stable in a high water-saturation scenario. The analysis of noise indicates the methods are sensitive to noise in the input data in that the performance is excellent when the noise is relatively low (−20 dB) and decreases with increasing noise energy. The new fluid factor, which is in the interface domain, is more sensitive than delta K in the impedance domain. The metric parameters of the new fluid factor and delta K are in the range of 0.5 to 0.8 when the noise is high (−7 dB). High-quality input data and integration with other geophysical methods can effectively reduce these risks. In addition, two widely used traditional methods (fluid factor and Lambda-Rho) are analyzed as comparisons. It turns out the new fluid factor and delta K have better performance than traditional methods in both high water saturation and noise conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: fluid indicator; hydrocarbon prediction; high water saturation; noise; seismic attribute; uncertainty analysis fluid indicator; hydrocarbon prediction; high water saturation; noise; seismic attribute; uncertainty analysis
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Liu, C.; Ghosh, D.; Salim, A.M.A. Uncertainty Analysis of Two Methods in Hydrocarbon Prediction under Different Water Saturation and Noise Conditions. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5239.

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