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Open AccessArticle

Redundancy Removed Dual-Tree Discrete Wavelet Transform to Construct Compact Representations for Automated Seizure Detection

The Center for Intelligent Medical Electronics, School of Information Science and Technology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(23), 5215; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235215
Received: 24 September 2019 / Revised: 25 November 2019 / Accepted: 27 November 2019 / Published: 30 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Intelligence Systems and Sensors)
With the development of pervasive sensing and machine learning technologies, automated epileptic seizure detection based on electroencephalogram (EEG) signals has provided tremendous support for the lives of epileptic patients. Discrete wavelet transform (DWT) is an effective method for time-frequency analysis of EEG and has been used for seizure detection in daily healthcare monitoring systems. However, the shift variance, the lack of directionality and the substantial aliasing, limit the effects of DWT in some applications. Dual-tree discrete wavelet transform (DTDWT) can overcome those drawbacks but may increase information redundancy. For classification tasks with small dataset sizes, such redundancy can greatly reduce learning efficiency and model performance. In this work, we proposed a novel redundancy removed DTDWT (RR-DTDWT) framework for automated seizure detection. Energy and modified multi-scale entropy (MMSE) features in a dual tree wavelet domain were extracted to construct a complete picture of mental states. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to employ MMSE as an indicator of epileptic seizures. Moreover, a compact EEG representation can be obtained after removing useless information redundancy (redundancy between wavelet trees, adjacent channels and entropy scales) by a general auto-weighted feature selection framework via global redundancy minimization (AGRM). Through validation on Bonn and CHB-MIT databases, the proposed RR-DTDWT method can achieve better performance than previous studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: EEG monitoring; DWT; DTDWT; automated seizure detection; machine learning EEG monitoring; DWT; DTDWT; automated seizure detection; machine learning
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Jiang, X.; Xu, K.; Zhang, R.; Ren, H.; Chen, W. Redundancy Removed Dual-Tree Discrete Wavelet Transform to Construct Compact Representations for Automated Seizure Detection. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5215.

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