Next Article in Journal
Tone Mapping of High Dynamic Range Images Combining Co-Occurrence Histogram and Visual Salience Detection
Next Article in Special Issue
Semantic Data Management for a Virtual Factory Collaborative Environment
Previous Article in Journal
Helping the Visually Impaired See via Image Multi-labeling Based on SqueezeNet CNN
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Route Planner Using a Delegate Multi-Agent System for a Modular Manufacturing Line: Proof of Concept
Open AccessArticle

Generating Transparency in the Worldwide Use of the Terminology Industry 4.0

1
Institute for Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN), RWTH Aachen University, Mathieustr. 10, 52074 Aachen, Germany
2
Institute of Electric Power Systems (IESY), Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Universitätsplatz 2, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
3
Institute of Energy and Climate Research: Electrochemical Process Engineering IEK-3, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, 52425 Jülich, Germany
4
JARA-ENERGY, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, 52425 Jülich, Germany
5
JARA-ENERGY, Mathieustr. 10, 52074 Aachen, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(21), 4659; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214659
Received: 17 September 2019 / Revised: 25 October 2019 / Accepted: 26 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
In 2011, the concept of Industry 4.0 was introduced and later adopted by the German government, paving the way for a new industrial revolution in Germany. The high significance of this topic is reflected by the large number of corresponding publications. Additionally, the regional focus of research is widespread on a global level and often differs even at a national level. This paper generates transparency regarding the adoption of the concept of Industry 4.0 by analyzing the locations of main contributors within the research field on an international, European, and German-national level. Further, it examines the regionally different foci concerning the concept of Industry 4.0. Having identified four main aspects linked to Industry 4.0 within a pre-study, a quantitative literature research was conducted based on over 800 published papers. The results were further visualized with QGIS. Looking at the results, it can be concluded that the German research community is virtually the only user of the term Industry 4.0, while other institutions seem to link their research to other related concepts. On a German level, the majority of the analyzed studies originate from Southern and Western Germany. North Rhine-Westphalia and the Aachen/Jülich region, in particular, represent main contributors. View Full-Text
Keywords: Industry 4.0; Industrie 4.0; smart manufacturing; cyber-physical systems; Data Management; Human–machine interaction Industry 4.0; Industrie 4.0; smart manufacturing; cyber-physical systems; Data Management; Human–machine interaction
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Nolting, L.; Priesmann, J.; Kockel, C.; Rödler, G.; Brauweiler, T.; Hauer, I.; Robinius, M.; Praktiknjo, A. Generating Transparency in the Worldwide Use of the Terminology Industry 4.0. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4659.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop