Construction Hazard Investigation Leveraging Object Anatomization on an Augmented Photoreality Platform
2. Related Work
2.1. Bloom’s Taxonomy for Construction Hazard Education
2.2. Virtual Reality in Construction Hazard Investigation
4. System Architecture
- The adoption of Web-app model allows the iAPR application to provide services to a variety of user device classes regardless of their current operation systems (iOS, Android, Windows, and Linux) and processing capability.
- The Central server deployment and module-based function development enables easy maintenance and upgrade of system functions and contents.
- The IP-based service implementation facilitates either local or remote user access technologies via heterogeneous networking infrastructures.
5. System Evaluation
5.1. Prototype Development
5.2. Case Study
5.3. Evaluation Methodology
5.4. Evaluation Results
- Regarding an adaptability and reality, an extended study of deploying the iAPR system on various wearable devices should to be conducted, e.g., head-mounted-displays, Microsoft Hololens, Google glass, etc.
- From usability and popularity perspectives, cost efficiency should be considered in terms of initial investigation, and maintenance as well as human labor.
- In application and utilization points of view, it is necessary to conduct an in-depth investigation of how much improvement in learning outcome the learners would obtain in different types of construction such as bridges, tunnels, damps, etc.
- In terms of systematical implementation and elasticity, since this research proposes and validates the iAPR system in a prototype, a full-scale system of iAPR should be deployed in order to comprehensively validate the system performance for a large number of learners.
Conflicts of Interest
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|iAPR Server||iAPR Client|
|Hardware||Raspberry Pi Model B||Laptops and PCs|
|Software||Krpano (application) & mySQL (database)||Bult-in web browser & NGRAIN software|
|Network||Ethernet link||Ethernet/WiFi access|
|No.||Fatal Four||Potential Hazards||Virtual Scenario|
|1||Falls||Fall from mobile scaffold||1st floor|
|2||Falls||Fall from 2nd floor to ground floor due to lack of guardrails||2nd floor|
|3||Falls||Falling from temporary ladder during installation of ceiling panels||3rd floor|
|4||Falls||Fall from stair due to lack of temporary handrails at the edge of floor||5th floor|
|5||Falls||Fall from Boatswain’s chair due to lack of an independent lifeline||11th floor|
|6||Falls||Fall into opening of stair at the 8th floor due to lack of barriers||8th floor|
|7||Struck by object||Struck-by falling object due to lack of safety nets||Roof|
|8||Struck by object||Bricks falling from height on worker’s head without safety helmet||7th floor|
|9||Struck by object||Metal pipes falling on worker’s head during lifting operation||9th floor|
|10||Electrocution||Electrocution when installing an air-conditioner||10th floor|
|11||Electrocution||Electrocution when using hand tool||Basement|
|12||Caught-in/between||Worker is trapped during lift maintenance||12th floor|
|13||Caught-in/between||Worker is caught between a truck and concrete due to toppling over of precast concrete building unit||Ground floor|
|Paired Differences||t||df||Sig. (2-Tailed)|
|Mean||Std. Deviation||Std. Error Mean||95% Confidence Interval of the Difference|
|Pair: Before-After exams||−3.87500||5.48746||0.86764||−5.62997||−2.12003||−4.466||39||0.000|
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Pham, H.C.; Dao, N.-N.; Cho, S.; Nguyen, P.T.; Pham-Hang, A.-T. Construction Hazard Investigation Leveraging Object Anatomization on an Augmented Photoreality Platform. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4477. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214477
Pham HC, Dao N-N, Cho S, Nguyen PT, Pham-Hang A-T. Construction Hazard Investigation Leveraging Object Anatomization on an Augmented Photoreality Platform. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(21):4477. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214477Chicago/Turabian Style
Pham, Hai Chien, Nhu-Ngoc Dao, Sungrae Cho, Phong Thanh Nguyen, and Anh-Tuan Pham-Hang. 2019. "Construction Hazard Investigation Leveraging Object Anatomization on an Augmented Photoreality Platform" Applied Sciences 9, no. 21: 4477. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214477