When the size of a material is decreased to the nanoscale, the effects of forces that are not influential on a macroscopic scale become increasingly important and the electronic structure is improved. The material then exhibits significantly different physical and chemical properties than in the bulk state. The smaller the size of the material, the more exposure it receives to the nano effects, and the physical properties can be changed via size control. In this study, Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning, and the sizes of the prepared samples were controlled to ensure different average diameters by controlling the polymer concentration of the precursor solution. Field emission scanning electron microscope images showed that the samples had average diameters of 224 to 265 nm. The single crystal phase of Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 and the different crystallite sizes of 13 to 20 nm were confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis. The magnetization behavior of the samples was measured using a vibrating sample magnetometer and the result confirmed that the samples had different magnetic properties, according to the diameter and crystallite size of the nanofibers. This study suggests that control of magnetic properties and excellent electrical conductivity in a one-dimensional nanostructure can be positively applied to improve the performance of a filler for the electromagnetic-interference shielding film.
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