Preparation of an Asymmetric Membrane from Sugarcane Bagasse Using DMSO as Green Solvent
AbstractAsymmetric cellulose acetate membranes have been successfully fabricated by phase inversion, using sugarcane bagasse (SB) as the starting material. SB is a raw material with high potential to produce cellulose derivatives due to its structure and morphology. Cellulose was extracted from SB by pretreatment with solutions of 5 wt% NaOH, 0.5 wt% EDTA; then bleached with 2 wt% H2O2. Cellulose acetate (CA) was prepared by the reaction between extracted cellulose with acetic anhydride, and H2SO4 as a catalyst. The obtained CA exhibited a high degree of substitution (2.81), determined with 1H-NMR spectroscopy and titration. The functional groups and thermal analysis of the extracted cellulose and the synthesized CA have been investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The change in the crystallinity of the extracted cellulose and CA was evaluated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy. Asymmetric membranes were fabricated using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as the solvent, with a casting thickness of 250 µm. The obtained membranes were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), DSC and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The hydrophilicity of the membranes was evaluated, as demonstrated by the measurement of water contact angle (WCA) and water content. Furthermore, the antifouling properties of membranes were also investigated. View Full-Text
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Thi To Nu, D.; Phi Hung, N.; Van Hoang, C.; Van der Bruggen, B. Preparation of an Asymmetric Membrane from Sugarcane Bagasse Using DMSO as Green Solvent. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 3347.
Thi To Nu D, Phi Hung N, Van Hoang C, Van der Bruggen B. Preparation of an Asymmetric Membrane from Sugarcane Bagasse Using DMSO as Green Solvent. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(16):3347.Chicago/Turabian Style
Thi To Nu, Dang; Phi Hung, Nguyen; Van Hoang, Cao; Van der Bruggen, Bart. 2019. "Preparation of an Asymmetric Membrane from Sugarcane Bagasse Using DMSO as Green Solvent." Appl. Sci. 9, no. 16: 3347.
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