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The 13th International Conference on Advances in Quantitative Laryngology, Voice and Speech Research (June 2–4, 2019, Montreal, Quebec, Canada)
Open AccessArticle

Vocal Pitch Discrimination in Children with and without Vocal Fold Nodules

1
Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
2
Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
3
Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
4
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(15), 3042; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9153042
Received: 19 June 2019 / Revised: 22 July 2019 / Accepted: 25 July 2019 / Published: 28 July 2019
Vocal pitch discrimination abilities were compared in sixteen children with vocal fold nodules (CwVN) and sixteen matched controls with typical voices (CwTV). Vocal pitch discrimination was also evaluated in thirty-five vocally healthy children and twenty adults to examine potential changes as a function of maturation. CwTV were categorized as either younger (N = 15, 5.6–7.7 years) or older (N = 20, 8.2–11.7 years). Participants completed two-alternative, forced choice listening tasks in which they judged whether pairs of sustained /ɑ/ tokens were different in pitch. Each pair consisted of a base token with a fundamental frequency (fo) of 216.2 Hz and a test token with a fo that was adaptively modified, according to the participant’s prior judgments. There were no significant differences in pitch discrimination abilities between CwVN and CwTV. Pitch discrimination abilities were significantly poorer in younger and older CwTV as compared to adults. Additionally, younger CwTV had significantly poorer discrimination abilities than older CwTV. Findings from this study suggest that CwVN do not have differences in pitch discrimination abilities, yet, therapies designed for CwVN should consider this developmental trend in perceptual abilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: pitch; voice; vocal fold nodules; auditory discrimination pitch; voice; vocal fold nodules; auditory discrimination
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Heller Murray, E.S.; Hseu, A.F.; Nuss, R.C.; Harvey Woodnorth, G.; Stepp, C.E. Vocal Pitch Discrimination in Children with and without Vocal Fold Nodules. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 3042.

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