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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Wind Resource Assessment on Puná Island

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Faculty of Chemical Engineering, University of Guayaquil, Ph.D. School of University of Valladolid (UVA), Clemente Ballen 2709 and Ismael Perez Pazmiño, Guayaquil 593, Ecuador
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Department of Agricultural Engineering and Forestry, University of Valladolid (UVA), Campus Universitario Duques de Soria, 42004 Soria, Spain
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Compañan Eólica de Tierras Altas S.A. (CETASA), Calle Diputación 1, Edificio Caja Rural, 42002 Soria, Spain
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Department of Electrical Systems, Group Analysis and Optimization of Renewable Generation, Center for Energy Resources and Consumption Research (CIRCE), Avda. Ranillas 3D, 1ª Planta, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
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Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Valladolid (UVA), Escuela de Ingenierías Industriales, Paseo del Cauce 59, 47011 Valladolid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(14), 2923; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9142923
Received: 18 May 2019 / Revised: 16 July 2019 / Accepted: 17 July 2019 / Published: 22 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Energy)
Puná Island, located in the Pacific Ocean off the southern coast of Ecuador, has a population of approximately 3344 inhabitants. However, not all inhabitants have access to electricity, which is largely supplied by diesel generators. Therefore, to identify a renewable, sustainable, environmentally friendly and low-cost alternative, a 40-m-high anemometer tower was installed for wind resource assessment and to determine the possibility of generating electricity from wind energy. Based on mathematical models for electricity generation from wind energy, data were analyzed using the software Windographer and WAsP, to determine a long-term wind speed of 4.8 m/s and a mean wind power density of 272 W/m2. By simulating the use of a 3.3-MW wind turbine, we demonstrated that as much as 800 kWh could be generated during the hours when the wind reaches its highest speed. In addition to demonstrating the technical feasibility of meeting the electricity demands of Puná Island through wind power, this study exemplifies a method that can be used for wind resource assessment in any location. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; wind energy potential; electricity generation; wind turbines renewable energy; wind energy potential; electricity generation; wind turbines
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MDPI and ACS Style

Merizalde, Y.; Hernández-Callejo, L.; Gracia Bernal, J.; Telmo Martínez, E.; Duque-Perez, O.; Sánchez, F.; Llombart Estpopiñán, A. Wind Resource Assessment on Puná Island. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2923.

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