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A Brief Recap of Microbial Adhesion and Biofilms

1
Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
2
Department of Urology, SLK Kliniken am Gesundbrunnen, Am Gesundbrunnen 20-26, 74078 Heilbronn, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(14), 2801; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9142801
Received: 24 June 2019 / Revised: 4 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 July 2019 / Published: 12 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biofilms in Focus: A Threat to Foods)
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Abstract

Food and beverage industries operate their production units under stringent hygiene standards to verify high-quality products. However, the presence of biofilms can cause hygienic problems in the industries in the case of pathogenic organisms. Microorganisms can form biofilms, which are resistant to cleaning and disinfection. Microorganisms in biofilms are closely packed in a matrix that acts as a barrier to cleaning and disinfection. Biofilms are observed in processing equipment and open surfaces, resulting in food safety problems or weakening of production efficiency. This review provides a recap of the biofouling process, including the production mechanisms and control techniques of microbial adhesion. Microbial adhesion and colonization are the sine qua non of the establishment of bacterial pathogenesis and this report focuses on their prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: microorganisms; bacterial growth; biofilm; adhesion; control microorganisms; bacterial growth; biofilm; adhesion; control
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Achinas, S.; Charalampogiannis, N.; Euverink, G.J.W. A Brief Recap of Microbial Adhesion and Biofilms. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2801.

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