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Post-FEC Performance of Pilot-Aided Carrier Phase Estimation over Cycle Slip

The State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(13), 2749; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9132749
Received: 27 June 2019 / Revised: 2 July 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 8 July 2019
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Abstract

The POST-forward error correction (FEC) bit error rate (BER) performance and the cycle-slip (CS) probability of the carrier phase estimation (CPE) scheme based on Viterbi–Viterbi phase estimation (VVPE) algorithm and the VV cascaded by pilot-aided-phase-unwrap (PAPU) algorithm have been experimentally investigated in a 56 Gbit/s quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) coherent communication system. Experimental results show that, with 0.78% pilot overhead, the VVPE + PAPU scheme greatly improves the POST-FEC performance degraded by continuous CS, maintaining a low CS probability with less influence of filter length. Comparing with the VVPE scheme, the VVPE + PAPU scheme can respectively obtain about 3.1 dB, 1.3 dB, 0.6 dB PRE-FEC optical signal noise ratio (OSNR) gains at PRE-BER of 1.8 × 10−2. Meanwhile, the VVPE + PAPU scheme respectively achieves about 3 dB, 1 dB, and 0.5 dB POST-FEC OSNR gain and improves the FEC limit from 2.5 × 10−3 to 1.4 × 10−2, from 8.9 × 10−3 to 1.8 × 10−2, and from 1.6 × 10−2 to 1.9 × 10−2 under the CPE filter length of 8, 16, and 20. View Full-Text
Keywords: coherent communication; quadrature phase-shift keying; carrier phase estimation; cycle-slip; pilot-aided-phase-unwrap; low-density parity-check (LDPC) coherent communication; quadrature phase-shift keying; carrier phase estimation; cycle-slip; pilot-aided-phase-unwrap; low-density parity-check (LDPC)
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Li, Y.; Ning, Q.; Yue, L.; Zhou, H.; Gao, C.; Liu, Y.; Qiu, J.; Li, W.; Hong, X.; Wu, J. Post-FEC Performance of Pilot-Aided Carrier Phase Estimation over Cycle Slip. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2749.

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