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Open AccessArticle

Detection and Treatment Methods for Perfluorinated Compounds in Wastewater Treatment Plants

Department of Environmental Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Korea
Daisung Green Tech, Seongnam, Gyenggi 13216, Korea
Department of Health Management, Uiduk University, Gyeongju 38004, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(12), 2500;
Received: 8 May 2019 / Revised: 8 June 2019 / Accepted: 13 June 2019 / Published: 19 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Fate of Emerging Organic Micro-Contaminants)
We surveyed the variation in perfluorinated compound (PFC) concentrations entering urban wastewater treatment plants and then designed an optimal PFCs treatment method based on a pilot test. The PFCs influent concentration was found to be affected by the types of industries and operating rate. The concentration of PFCs in the wastewater treatment effluent was slightly lower than that of the influent. Thus, PFCs had not been adequately removed by the existing biological treatments. The pilot test results showed that about 10% of PFCs was removed by coagulation and precipitation, and the ozone and chlorine test showed that few, if any, PFCs were removed regardless of the oxidant dose. The activated carbon adsorption test showed that the removal significantly increased with empty bed contact time, with about a 60% removal in five minutes and over 90% removal in over 15 minutes. Therefore, a more stable and higher PFCs removal would result from continuous oxidation processes, such as ozone and adsorption processes involving activated carbon, rather than a single biological treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: perfluorinated compounds; coagulation; ozone; chlorination; activated carbon perfluorinated compounds; coagulation; ozone; chlorination; activated carbon
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Lee, S.-H.; Cho, Y.-J.; Lee, M.; Lee, B.-D. Detection and Treatment Methods for Perfluorinated Compounds in Wastewater Treatment Plants. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2500.

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