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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Fabrication and Luminescent Properties of Zn–Cu–In–S/ZnS Quantum Dot Films under UV Excitation

1
Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, University of Patras, GR-15310 Rion, Greece
2
Radiation Physics, Materials Technology, and Biomedical Imaging Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of West Attica, 122 10 Athens, Greece
3
School of Biomedical Sciences, University of West Attica, 122 10 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(11), 2367; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9112367
Received: 24 April 2019 / Revised: 24 May 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 10 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Chemistry)
Quantum dots (QDs) are quite interesting materials due to their unique chemical and physical properties. ZnCuInS/ZnS QDs can be produced either in hydrophobic or hydrophilic form, are non-toxic, and thus favorable for studies in the area of biology. Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) is a well-known biocompatible resin which is widely used in dentistry, ophthalmology, and orthopedic surgery. Four composite PMMA films of ZnCuInS/ZnS nanocrystals with maximum emission at 530 nm and concentrations of 1.0, 4.0, 6.0, and 10.0 %w/v, were prepared. X-ray irradiation was used to evaluate the volume homogeneity of the final samples, as a measure of QD dispersion. The luminescent efficiency was evaluated, under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. The process of UV irradiation involved the experimental measurement of the forward luminescent light, as well as the backward luminescent light, in order to accurately calculate the energy quantum efficiency (EQE) of ZnCuInS/ZnS QDs. Reflected UV radiation was also measured, and results showed that it ranges from 2% to 6% approximately as the QD concentration rises from 1.0 %w/v to 10.0 %w/v. Beyond 6.0 %w/v, the reflected UV radiation remains essentially unchanged. Additionally, the reflected UV radiation remained unaffected as the power of the incident UV increased. Approximately 9% of incident UV radiation passed through the 1.0 %w/v sample, whereas for the samples with higher ZnCuInS/ZnS concentration, 0% UV radiation passed through. The EQE reached a maximum of about 45% with the 10.0 %w/v sample, while it remained practically unaffected relative to the increase of the emitted UV power. The homogeneity measurements revealed that the coefficient of variation (CV) increased with increasing concentration, for the 1.0, 4.0, and 6.0 %w/v samples. The minimum CV was obtained for the sample of 10.0 %w/v due to the incorporation of sonication in the final product, during the fabrication process. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantum dots; ZnCuInS/ZnS; UV; energy quantum efficiency; polymer film quantum dots; ZnCuInS/ZnS; UV; energy quantum efficiency; polymer film
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MDPI and ACS Style

Saatsakis, G.; Michail, C.; Fountzoula, C.; Kalyvas, N.; Bakas, A.; Ninos, K.; Fountos, G.; Sianoudis, I.; Kandarakis, I.; Panayiotakis, G.; Valais, I. Fabrication and Luminescent Properties of Zn–Cu–In–S/ZnS Quantum Dot Films under UV Excitation. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2367.

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