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3D Facial Expression Recognition for Defining Users’ Inner Requirements—An Emotional Design Case Study

Department of Management and Production Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(11), 2218; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9112218
Received: 30 March 2019 / Revised: 10 May 2019 / Accepted: 24 May 2019 / Published: 30 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Mechanical Engineering)
This study proposes a novel quality function deployment (QFD) design methodology based on customers’ emotions conveyed by facial expressions. The current advances in pattern recognition related to face recognition techniques have fostered the cross-fertilization and pollination between this context and other fields, such as product design and human-computer interaction. In particular, the current technologies for monitoring human emotions have supported the birth of advanced emotional design techniques, whose main focus is to convey users’ emotional feedback into the design of novel products. As quality functional deployment aims at transforming the voice of customers into engineering features of a product, it appears to be an appropriate and promising nest in which to embed users’ emotional feedback with new emotional design methodologies, such as facial expression recognition. This way, the present methodology consists in interviewing the user and acquiring his/her face with a depth camera (allowing three-dimensional (3D) data), clustering the face information into different emotions with a support vector machine classificator, and assigning customers’ needs weights relying on the detected facial expressions. The proposed method has been applied to a case study in the context of agriculture and validated by a consortium. The approach appears sound and capable of collecting the unconscious feedback of the interviewee. View Full-Text
Keywords: emotional design; quality function deployment (QFD); user-centred design; 3D facial expression recognition emotional design; quality function deployment (QFD); user-centred design; 3D facial expression recognition
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Violante, M.G.; Marcolin, F.; Vezzetti, E.; Ulrich, L.; Billia, G.; Di Grazia, L. 3D Facial Expression Recognition for Defining Users’ Inner Requirements—An Emotional Design Case Study. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2218.

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