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Muon Radiography Method for Non-Invasive Probing an Archaeological Site in the Naryn-Kala Citadel

1
Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography, Dagestan Scientific Centre, Russian Academy of Sciences, Makhachkala 367000, Republic of Dagestan, Russia
2
Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119991, Russia
3
National University of Science and Technology MISIS, Moscow 119049, Russia
4
Dagestan State University, 43a M. Gadzhiyev Street, Makhachkala 367000, Republic of Dagestan, Russia
5
Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
6
National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Moscow 115409, Russia
7
Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
8
INFN Sezione di Napoli, I-80126 Napoli, Italy
9
Department, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(10), 2040; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9102040
Received: 18 April 2019 / Revised: 13 May 2019 / Accepted: 14 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Applied Physics)
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Abstract

The paper presents the test experiment to investigate one of UNESCO’s (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) world heritage objects, an archaeological site in the Naryn-Kala citadel (Derbent, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation) hidden under the ground’s surface. The function of the site could be revealed by the muon radiography studies. Several nuclear emulsion detectors were exposed for two months inside the site at a depth about 10 m from the modern surface. The use of nuclear emulsions as probing radiation detectors combined with the potential of modern image analysis methods provides for a uniquely high resolution capacity of recording instrumentation and 3D reconstruction of the internal structure of the investigated object. Here we present the experiment and data analysis details and the first results. View Full-Text
Keywords: muon radiography; archaeology; emulsion detectors; image reconstruction muon radiography; archaeology; emulsion detectors; image reconstruction
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Abiev, A.; Bagulya, A.; Chernyavskiy, M.; Dashkina, A.; Dimitrienko, A.; Gadjiev, A.; Gadjiev, M.; Galkin, V.; Gippius, A.; Goncharova, L.; Grachev, V.; Konovalova, N.; Managadze, A.; Okateva, N.; Polukhina, N.; Roganova, T.; Shchedrina, T.; Starkov, N.; Teymurov, A.; Tioukov, V.; Vasina, S.; Zarubin, P. Muon Radiography Method for Non-Invasive Probing an Archaeological Site in the Naryn-Kala Citadel. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2040.

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