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A Study of a Standalone Renewable Energy System of the Chinese Zhongshan Station in Antarctica

College of Electrical and Power Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
College of Water Resources Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(10), 1968;
Received: 10 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 7 May 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Standalone Renewable Energy Systems—Modeling and Controlling)
PDF [6300 KB, uploaded 14 May 2019]


China has built four stations in Antarctica so far, and Zhongshan Station is the largest station among them. Continuous power supply for manned stations mainly relies on fuel. With the gradual increase in energy demand at the station and cost of fuel traffic from China to Zhongshan station in Antarctica, reducing fuel consumption and increasing green energy utilization are urgent problems. This research considers a standalone renewable energy system. The polar environments and renewable energy distribution of area of Zhongshan station are analyzed. The physical model, operation principle, and mathematical modeling of the proposed power system were designed. Low-temperature performance and state of charge (SOC) estimation method of the lead–acid battery were comprehensively tested and evaluated. A temperature control strategy was adopted to prevent the battery from low-temperature loss of the battery capacity. Energy management strategy of the power system was proposed by designing maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control strategies for wind turbine and PV array. The whole power system is broadly composed of a power generator (wind turbine and PV array), an uploading circuit, a three-phase rectifier bridge, an interleaved Buck circuit, a DC/DC conversion circuit, a switch circuit, a power supply circuit, an amplifier, a driver circuit, a voltage and current monitoring, a load, battery units and a control system. A case study in Antarctica was applied and can examine the technical feasibility of the proposed system. The results of the case study reveal that the scheme of standalone renewable energy system can satisfy the power demands of Zhongshan Station in normal operation. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; low-temperature energy storage; SOC; simulation renewable energy; low-temperature energy storage; SOC; simulation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dou, Y.; Zuo, G.; Chang, X.; Chen, Y. A Study of a Standalone Renewable Energy System of the Chinese Zhongshan Station in Antarctica. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1968.

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