Stability and Heat Input Controllability of Two Different Modulations for Double-Pulse MIG Welding
AbstractAluminum alloy welding frequently experiences difficulties such as heat input control, poor weld formation, and susceptibility to pore generation. We compared the use of two different modulations for double-pulse metal inert gas (MIG) welding to reduce the heat input required to generate oscillations in the weld pool. The stabilities of rectangular wave-modulated and trapezoidal wave-modulated double-pulse MIG welding (DP-MIG and TP-MIG) were analyzed by examining their welding processes and weld profiles. We found that the transitional pulse in TP-MIG welding results in smoother current transitions, softer welding arc sounds, and a highly uniform fish-scale pattern. Therefore, TP-MIG welding is more stable than DP-MIG welding. The effects of these double-pulse modulation schemes on welding input energy are presented. We propose methods for reducing welding input energy by varying the number of pulses or the pulse base time of low-energy pulse train while keeping the welding current and welding arc stable and unchanged. Compared to DP-MIG welding, TP-MIG welding reduces the input energy by 12% and produces finer grain sizes, which increases weld hardness. Therefore, TP-MIG welding offers a new approach for heat input control in DP-MIG welding of aluminum alloys. The results of this work are significant for aluminum alloy welding. View Full-Text
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Xue, J.; Xu, M.; Huang, W.; Zhang, Z.; Wu, W.; Jin, L. Stability and Heat Input Controllability of Two Different Modulations for Double-Pulse MIG Welding. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 127.
Xue J, Xu M, Huang W, Zhang Z, Wu W, Jin L. Stability and Heat Input Controllability of Two Different Modulations for Double-Pulse MIG Welding. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(1):127.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xue, Jiaxiang; Xu, Min; Huang, Wenjin; Zhang, Zhanhui; Wu, Wei; Jin, Li. 2019. "Stability and Heat Input Controllability of Two Different Modulations for Double-Pulse MIG Welding." Appl. Sci. 9, no. 1: 127.
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