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Solar Concentration for Wastewaters Remediation: A Review of Materials and Technologies

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Trento, Via Sommarive 9, 38123 Trento, Italy
2
Department of Physics, University of Trento, Via Sommarive 14, 38123 Povo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010118
Received: 26 November 2018 / Revised: 20 December 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 30 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sciences)
As the effectiveness of conventional wastewater treatment processes is increasingly challenged by the growth of industrial activities, a demand for low-cost and low-impact treatments is emerging. A possible solution is represented by systems coupling solar concentration technology with advanced oxidation processes (AOP). In this paper, a review of solar concentration technologies for wastewater remediation is presented, with a focus on photocatalyst materials used in this specific research context. Recent results, though mostly on model systems, open promising perspectives for the use of concentrated sunlight as the energy source powering AOPs. We identify (i) the development of photocatalyst materials capable of efficiently working with sunlight, and (ii) the transition to real wastewater investigation as the most critical issues to be addressed by research in the field. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar treatment; wastewater treatment; photo-Fenton reaction; photocatalysis; sunlight concentration; advanced oxidation processes; solar collector; water pollutants solar treatment; wastewater treatment; photo-Fenton reaction; photocatalysis; sunlight concentration; advanced oxidation processes; solar collector; water pollutants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fendrich, M.A.; Quaranta, A.; Orlandi, M.; Bettonte, M.; Miotello, A. Solar Concentration for Wastewaters Remediation: A Review of Materials and Technologies. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 118. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010118

AMA Style

Fendrich MA, Quaranta A, Orlandi M, Bettonte M, Miotello A. Solar Concentration for Wastewaters Remediation: A Review of Materials and Technologies. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(1):118. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010118

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fendrich, Murilo Alexandre, Alberto Quaranta, Michele Orlandi, Marco Bettonte, and Antonio Miotello. 2019. "Solar Concentration for Wastewaters Remediation: A Review of Materials and Technologies" Applied Sciences 9, no. 1: 118. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9010118

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