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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(9), 1675; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8091675

Johnson–Holmquist-II(JH-2) Constitutive Model for Rock Materials: Parameter Determination and Application in Tunnel Smooth Blasting

1
College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
2
Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Underground Engineering of Ministry of Education, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
3
Department of Geotechnical Engineering, College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
4
School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 August 2018 / Revised: 9 September 2018 / Accepted: 10 September 2018 / Published: 16 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Mechanical Engineering)
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Abstract

The Johnson–Holmquist-II(JH-2) model is introduced as the constitutive model for rock materials in tunnel smooth blasting. However, complicated and/or high-cost experiments need to be carried out to obtain the parameters of the JH-2 constitutive model. This study chooses Barre granite as an example to propose a quick and convenient determination method for the parameters of the JH-2 model using a series of computational and extrapolated methods. The validity of the parameters is verified via comparing the results of 3D numerical simulations with laboratory blast-loading experiments. Subsequently, the verified parameter determination method, together with the JH-2 damage constitutive model, is applied in the numerical simulation of smooth blasting in Zigaojian tunnel, Hangzhou–Huangshan high-speed railway. The overbreak/underbreak induced by rock blasting and joints/discontinuities is well estimated through comparing the damage contours resulting from the numerical study with the tunnel profiles measured from the tunnel site. The peak particle velocities (PPVs) of the near field are extracted to estimate the damage scope and damage degree for the surrounding rock mass of the tunnel on the basis of PPV damage criteria. This method can be used in the excavation of rock tunnels subjected to large strains, high strain rates, and high pressures, thereby reducing safety risk and economic losses. View Full-Text
Keywords: Johnson–Holmquist; Hugoniot elastic limit (HEL); rock; fracture; damage; blast; tunnel Johnson–Holmquist; Hugoniot elastic limit (HEL); rock; fracture; damage; blast; tunnel
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, J.; Yin, Y.; Luo, C. Johnson–Holmquist-II(JH-2) Constitutive Model for Rock Materials: Parameter Determination and Application in Tunnel Smooth Blasting. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1675.

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