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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(9), 1511; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8091511

The Effect of Functional Group Polarity in Palladium Immobilized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Catalysis: Application in Carbon–Carbon Coupling Reaction

1
Department of Chemistry, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam 515134, India
2
School of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics, University of Washington Bothell, Bothell, WA 98011, USA
3
Department of Chemistry and Environmental Science, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2018 / Revised: 26 August 2018 / Accepted: 29 August 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes)
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Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are effective supports for nanometals and together they represent hybrids that combine the unique properties of both. A microwave-induced reaction was used to deposit nanopalladium on carboxylated and octadecylamine functionalized multiwall CNTs, which were used to carry out C–C coupling reactions in dimethylformamide (DMF) and toluene. These hybrids showed excellent catalytic activity with yield as high as 99.8%, while its enhancement with respect to commercially available Pd/C catalyst reached as high as 109%, and the reaction times were significantly lower. The polarity of the functionalized form was found to be a significant factor with the polar carboxylated CNT showing better activity in DMF while the relatively nonpolar octadecyl amine was better in toluene. The results suggest the possibility of tailor making functionalized CNTs when used as catalyst supports. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pd-CNT nanohybrids; functionalized CNTs; polarity; semi-homogeneous catalysis; heck reaction Pd-CNT nanohybrids; functionalized CNTs; polarity; semi-homogeneous catalysis; heck reaction
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Chandra, B.P.; Wu, Z.; Ntim, S.A.; Rao, G.N.; Mitra, S. The Effect of Functional Group Polarity in Palladium Immobilized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Catalysis: Application in Carbon–Carbon Coupling Reaction. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1511.

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