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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(8), 1281; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8081281

Acoustic Localization for a Moving Source Based on Cross Array Azimuth

1
Department of Artillery Engineering, Army Engineering University, Shijiazhuang 050003, China
2
Fluid and Acoustic Engineering Laboratory, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 June 2018 / Revised: 24 July 2018 / Accepted: 28 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modelling, Simulation and Data Analysis in Acoustical Problems)
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Abstract

Acoustic localization for a moving source plays a key role in engineering applications, such as wildlife conservation and health protection. Acoustic detection methods provide an alternative to traditional radar and infrared detection methods. Here, an acoustic locating method of array signal processing based on intersecting azimuth lines of two arrays is introduced. The locating algorithm and the precision simulation of a single array shows that such a single array has good azimuth precision and bad range estimation. Once another array of the same type is added, the moving acoustic source can be located precisely by intersecting azimuth lines. A low-speed vehicle is used as the simulated moving source for the locating experiments. The length selection of short correlation and moving path compensation are studied in the experiments. All results show that the proposed novel method locates the moving sound source with high precision (<5%), while requiring fewer instruments than current methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: acoustic localization; cross array; moving sound source; discrete sampling; error analysis acoustic localization; cross array; moving sound source; discrete sampling; error analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yin, J.; Xiong, C.; Wang, W. Acoustic Localization for a Moving Source Based on Cross Array Azimuth. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1281.

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