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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(5), 654; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8050654

Deep Neural Networks for Document Processing of Music Score Images

1
PRHLT Research Center, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
2
Software and Computing Systems, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
3
Schulich School of Music, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 0G4, Canada
These authors contributed equally.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 13 April 2018 / Accepted: 20 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Audio and Image Processing with Focus on Music Research)
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Abstract

There is an increasing interest in the automatic digitization of medieval music documents. Despite efforts in this field, the detection of the different layers of information on these documents still poses difficulties. The use of Deep Neural Networks techniques has reported outstanding results in many areas related to computer vision. Consequently, in this paper, we study the so-called Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) for performing the automatic document processing of music score images. This process is focused on layering the image into its constituent parts (namely, background, staff lines, music notes, and text) by training a classifier with examples of these parts. A comprehensive experimentation in terms of the configuration of the networks was carried out, which illustrates interesting results as regards to both the efficiency and effectiveness of these models. In addition, a cross-manuscript adaptation experiment was presented in which the networks are evaluated on a different manuscript from the one they were trained. The results suggest that the CNN is capable of adapting its knowledge, and so starting from a pre-trained CNN reduces (or eliminates) the need for new labeled data. View Full-Text
Keywords: Optical Music Recognition; music document processing; music score images; Medieval manuscripts; convolutional neural networks Optical Music Recognition; music document processing; music score images; Medieval manuscripts; convolutional neural networks
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Calvo-Zaragoza, J.; Castellanos, F.J.; Vigliensoni, G.; Fujinaga, I. Deep Neural Networks for Document Processing of Music Score Images. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 654.

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