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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(3), 380; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8030380

Enhancing the Accuracy of Advanced High Temperature Mechanical Testing through Thermography

Institute of Structural Materials, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Sketty, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
Received: 6 November 2017 / Revised: 21 February 2018 / Accepted: 24 February 2018 / Published: 6 March 2018
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Abstract

This paper describes the advantages and enhanced accuracy thermography provides to high temperature mechanical testing. This technique is not only used to monitor, but also to control test specimen temperatures where the infra-red technique enables accurate non-invasive control of rapid thermal cycling for non-metallic materials. Isothermal and dynamic waveforms are employed over a 200–800 °C temperature range to pre-oxidised and coated specimens to assess the capability of the technique. This application shows thermography to be accurate to within ±2 °C of thermocouples, a standardised measurement technique. This work demonstrates the superior visibility of test temperatures previously unobtainable by conventional thermocouples or even more modern pyrometers that thermography can deliver. As a result, the speed and accuracy of thermal profiling, thermal gradient measurements and cold/hot spot identification using the technique has increased significantly to the point where temperature can now be controlled by averaging over a specified area. The increased visibility of specimen temperatures has revealed additional unknown effects such as thermocouple shadowing, preferential crack tip heating within an induction coil, and, fundamental response time of individual measurement techniques which are investigated further. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermography; high temperature; dynamic temperature; thermocouple; pyrometer thermography; high temperature; dynamic temperature; thermocouple; pyrometer
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Jones, J. Enhancing the Accuracy of Advanced High Temperature Mechanical Testing through Thermography. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 380.

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