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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(11), 2322;

A Joint Dual-Frequency GNSS/SINS Deep-Coupled Navigation System for Polar Navigation

College of Automation, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 16 November 2018 / Accepted: 17 November 2018 / Published: 21 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Signal Processing for Satellite Positioning Systems)
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The strategic position of the polar area and its rich natural resources are becoming increasingly important, while the northeast and northwest passages through the Arctic are receiving much attention as glaciers continue to melt. The global navigation satellite system (GNSS) can provide real-time observation data for the polar areas, but may suffer low elevation problems of satellites, signals with poor carrier-power-to-noise-density ratio (C/N0), ionospheric scintillations, and dynamic requirements. In order to improve the navigation performance in polar areas, a deep-coupled navigation system with dual-frequency GNSS and a grid strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) is proposed in the paper. The coverage and visibility of the GNSS constellation in polar areas are briefly reviewed firstly. Then, the joint dual-frequency vector tracking architecture of GNSS is designed with the aid of grid SINS information, which can optimize the tracking band, sharing tracking information to aid weak signal channels with strong signal channels and meet the dynamic requirement to improve the accuracy and robustness of the system. Besides this, the ionosphere-free combination of global positioning system (GPS) L1 C/A and L2 signals is used in the proposed system to further reduce ionospheric influence. Finally, the performance of the system is tested using a hardware simulator and semiphysical experiments. Experimental results indicate that the proposed system can obtain a better navigation accuracy and robust performance in polar areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: deep-coupled; vector tracking; dual-frequency GNSS; grid SINS; polar areas deep-coupled; vector tracking; dual-frequency GNSS; grid SINS; polar areas

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Zhao, L.; Wu, M.; Ding, J.; Kang, Y. A Joint Dual-Frequency GNSS/SINS Deep-Coupled Navigation System for Polar Navigation. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2322.

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