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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(11), 2307; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8112307

Asymptotic Analysis for the Effects of Anode Inlet Humidity on the Fastest Power Attenuation Single Cell in a Vehicle Fuel Cell Stack

1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Performance Guarantee on Urban Rail Transit Vehicles, School of Machine-Electricity and Vehicle Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing 100044, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2018 / Revised: 11 November 2018 / Accepted: 15 November 2018 / Published: 20 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy)
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Abstract

A three-dimensional and isothermal anode relative humidity (ARH) model is presented and used to study the anode inlet humidity effects on the fastest power attenuation single cell in a vehicle fuel cell stack. The ARH model is based on the phenomenon that the anode is more sensitive than the cathode to water flooding. The pressure drop is considered in the ARH model, and saturation pressure is established by a pressure drop. Based on the pressure drop and relative humidity, simulations and tests are completed. First, the geometric model and computational grids are established, based on real structure of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). Second, single cell distribution in the stack, test schematic and experimental conditions are demonstrated. Finally, polarization curves with 10 cells are displayed and discussed under these conditions that working temperature 70 °C, and diverse relative humidity (40%, 55%, 70%, 85%, and 100%). The test results of 34 cm2 fuel cell stack are compared against simulation results. The results show that C10 (the single cell with the farthest distance from the gas inlet) power attenuation is the fastest and that its performance is the poorest under the experimental conditions. The polarization curves predicted by the ARH model indicate fairly good coherence with the experimental results, compared against the Fluent original model. The ARH model calculation deviation is 28% less than the Fluent model at 360 mA·cm−2 for a relative humidity of 85%. The current density distribution is almost uniform, and membrane water content is negatively affected by high humidity. View Full-Text
Keywords: proton exchange membrane fuel cell; pressure drop; relative humidity; power attenuation proton exchange membrane fuel cell; pressure drop; relative humidity; power attenuation
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Liu, Y.; Gao, J.; Wang, N.; Yao, S. Asymptotic Analysis for the Effects of Anode Inlet Humidity on the Fastest Power Attenuation Single Cell in a Vehicle Fuel Cell Stack. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 2307.

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